Focus on compliance
Engage with us in our Spotlight On series to better understand what it takes to deliver career changing VET outcomes to over four million students every year.
C H A P T E R 1
Spotlight On assessment validation:
Achieving an effective approach
Validation confirms quality
The Standards define validation as the quality review of the assessment process.
- reviewing a statistically valid sample of the assessments
- making recommendations for future improvements to the assessment tool
- improving the process and/or outcomes of the assessment tool
- acting upon those recommendations.
Validation ensures that there is continuous improvement in the assessment undertaken by your provider.
A valid assessment judgement is one that confirms that a student demonstrates all of the knowledge, skill and requirements of a training product.
A statistically valid sample is one that is taken randomly from the set of assessment judgements under consideration. It should be sufficiently large so that the validated outcomes can be applied to the entire set of judgements.
The compliance obligations of validation are described in clauses 1.9, 1.10, 1.11 of the Standards for Registered Organisations (RTOs) 2015 (the Standards), but effective validation can also help to ensure compliance across other obligations.
- have complied with the requirements of the training package and the Rules of Evidence and Principles of Assessment
- are appropriate to the contexts and conditions of assessment (this may include considering whether the assessment reflects real work-based contexts and meets industry requirements)
- have tasks that demonstrate an appropriate level of difficulty in relation to the skills and knowledge requirements of the unit
- use instructions that can clearly explain the tasks to be administered to the learner resulting in similar or cohesive evidence provided by each learner
- outline appropriate reasonable adjustments for gathering of assessment evidence
- assessment samples validate recording and reporting processes with sufficient instructions for the assessor on collecting evidence, making a judgement, and recording the outcomes
- the quality of performance is supported with evidence criteria. (If the assessment samples demonstrate the judgements made about each learner are markedly different, this may indicate that decision-making rules do not ensure consistency of judgement)
- adhere to the requirements of the RTO’s assessment system
Validation occurs after assessment
Completing your validation process after assessments have been conducted also allows the validation team to consider whether the assessment tool could be updated to better and more effectively assess a student, while still collecting the evidence intended.
Thoroughly check and revise your assessment tools prior to use
Verify that the planned tools:
- meet the requirements of the training package
- are designed to ensure assessment is conducted with the Principles of Assessment and Rules of Evidence.
This will ensure that:
- future students can be accurately and consistently assessed
- your assessment system meets the compliance obligations in clause 1.8 of the Standards.
Validation vs Moderation
Validation and moderation have both been used in VET to promote and enhance quality practices in assessment.