What is the difference between validation and moderation? (Clauses 1.9 - 1.11)
A valid assessment judgement is one that confirms a learner holds all of the knowledge and skills described in the training package or accredited course.
Validation is a process to confirm that your RTO’s assessment system is able to consistently produce valid assessment judgements.
Validation is the quality review of the assessment process and is generally conducted after assessment is complete.
Validation involves checking that your assessment tools have produced valid, reliable, sufficient, current and authentic evidence, enabling your RTO to make reasonable judgements to about whether training package (or VET accredited course) requirements have been met.
Validation includes reviewing a statistically valid sample of the assessments and making recommendations for future improvements to the assessment tool, process and/or outcomes and acting upon such recommendations.
A statistically valid sample is one that is taken randomly from the set of assessment judgements being considered and that is sufficiently large that the outcomes of validation of the sample can be applied to the entire set of judgements. There are a number of online tools you can use to generate the size of your sample, one of which is ASQA’s validation sample size calculator.
Moderation is a quality control process aimed at bringing assessment judgements into alignment. Moderation is generally conducted before the finalisation of student results as it ensures the same decisions are applied to all assessment results within the same unit of competency.
The requirement in the Standards to undertake validation of assessment judgements does not prohibit your RTO from undertaking moderation activities, or any other process aimed at increasing the quality of assessment.