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Definitions

accreditation
Formal recognition of a course by the National VET Regulator under the Act.

access and equity
Policies and approaches aimed at ensuring that VET is responsive to the individual needs of clients whose age, gender, cultural or ethnic background, disability, sexuality, language skills, literacy or numeracy level, unemployment, imprisonment or remote location may present a barrier to access, participation and the achievement of suitable outcomes.

Act
National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011

amount of training
The amount of training is part of the overall volume of learning. The amount of training relates primarily to formal activities including online or self-paced study.

articulation
The arrangements that facilitate the movement of progression of learners form one qualification or course to another, or from one education and training sector to another.

Assessment
The process of collecting evidence and making judgements on whether competency has been achieved to confirm that an individual can perform to the standard expected in the workplace, as specified in a training package or a VET accredited course.

Australian Industry and Skills Committee (AISC)
A committee of industry leaders from across Australia which will make decisions about what qualifications are needed and when.

Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO)
A classification system for use in the collection, publication and analysis of occupation statistics.

Australian Standard Classification of Education (ASCED)
Two statistical classifications used to collect and analyse data on educational activity and attainment: namely, ‘level of education’ and ‘field of education’.

Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)
The framework for regulated qualifications in the Australian education and training system, as agreed by the Australian Government, state and territory ministerial council with responsibility for higher education.

AVETMISS
Australian Vocational Education and Training Management Information Statistical Standard. A national data standard for VET providers that ensures the consistent and accurate capture of VET information about students, their courses, units of activity, and qualifications completed. It provides the mechanism for national reporting of the VET system.

code
The unique identifier for units of competency, skill sets, VET accredited courses, AQF qualifications or training packages as required by the Standards for Training Packages and Standards for VET Accredited Courses 2012.

competency
The consistent application of knowledge and skill to the standard of performance required in the workplace. It embodies the ability to transfer and apply skills and knowledge to new situations and environments.

course document
The legal specification of a VET accredited course in the prescribed format. ASQA’s prescribed format is the Accredited course document template. The course document describes essential course information and provides the basis for the development of strategies for training and assessment by each RTO.

credit arrangements
The arrangements that facilitate the movement or progression of learners from one qualification or course to another, or from one education and training sector to another.

Enterprise unit of competency
A unit of competency developed specifically for inclusion in an accredited course to meet a vocational, education or community need that is not covered by a training package unit of competency.

industry
The bodies that have a stake in the services provided by RTOs. These can include:

  • enterprise/industry clients e.g. employers
  • group training organisations
  • industry organisations
  • industry regulators
  • skills service organisations
  • industry training advisory bodies, and
  • unions.

Industry and Skills Council
Australian Government, state and territory ministerial council established by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG), or its successor.

Industry Reference Committees (IRCs)
Committees made up of people with experience, skills and knowledge of particular industry sectors which will ensure that training packages meet the needs of employers.

industry regulator
A body or organisation responsible for the regulation and/or licensing arrangements within a specific industry or occupation.

learner
A person being trained and/or assessed by an RTO for the purpose of issuing AQF certification documentation.

learning
The process followed by a learner. There are three types:

  • Formal learning—learning that takes place through a structured program of instruction and is linked to the attainment of a formal qualification or award (for example, a certificate, diploma or university degree).
  • Non-formal learning—learning that takes place through a structured program of instructions, but does not lead to the attainment of a formal qualification or award (for example, in-house professional development programs conducted by a business).
  • Informal learning—learning that results through experience of work-related, social, family, hobby or leisure activities (for example the acquisition of interpersonal skills developed through several years as a sales representative).

licensed or regulated outcome
Compliance with an eligibility requirement for an occupational licence or a legislative requirement to hold a particular AQF qualification, skill set, VET accredited course or unit of competency in order to carry out an activity.

mode of delivery
The method adopted to deliver training and assessment, including online, distance, or blended methods.

National Register
Means the register maintained by the Australian Government department responsible for VET and referred to section 216 of the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011, located at training.gov.au

It is the authoritative source of information on training packages, qualifications, accredited courses, units of competency, skill sets and registered training organisations.

national RTO code
The registration identifier given to the RTO on the National Register, training.gov.au.

Nationally Recognised Training (NRT) logo
The logo used nationally to signify training packages and VET accredited courses.

National VET Regulator
Australian Skills Quality Authority.

nominal/supervised hours
Nominal (supervised) hours represent the supervised structured learning and assessment activity required to sufficiently address the content of each unit (acknowledging that progress can vary between learners).

pathways
A path or sequence of learning or experiences that can be followed to attain competency. These can be specific mandated pathways or may vary to reflect individual needs.

packaging rules
The rules which state what units of competency must or can be selected to make up a qualification, or a ‘Course in’.

qualification
Formal certification, issued by a relevant approved body, to recognise that a person has achieved learning outcomes or competencies relevant to identified individual, professional, industry or community needs.

Recognition of Prior Learning
An assessment process that assesses an individual’s formal, non-formal and informal learning to determine the extent to which that individual meets the requirements specified in the training package or VET accredited courses.

  • Formal learning—learning that takes place through a structured program of instruction and is linked to the attainment of a formal qualification or award (for example, a certificate, diploma or university degree).
  • Non-formal learning—learning that takes place through a structured program of instructions, but does not lead to the attainment of a formal qualification or award (for example, in-house professional development programs conducted by a business).
  • Informal learning—learning that results through experience of work-related, social, family, hobby or leisure activities (for example the acquisition of interpersonal skills developed through several years as a sales representative).

registration
Registration as an RTO by the VET regulator, where that registration is then entered on the National Register.

registered training organisation (RTO)
A training organisation listed on the National Register as a registered training organisation.

scope of registration
The activities a registered training organisation is registered to do, such as:

  • provide training and assessments resulting in the issue of VET qualifications or VET statements of attainment; and provide assessments resulting in the issue of VET qualifications or VET statements of attainment, or
  • provide assessments resulting in the issue of VET qualifications or VET statements of attainment.

Skills Service Organisations
Organisations that support IRCs to develop the training packages that industry needs.

Standards for Training Packages
The Industry and Skills Council Advisory Committee (previously National Skills Standards Council) policy for the development of training packages. This policy applies to all training packages developed and endorsed through the Industry and Skills Council Advisory Committee development and endorsement processes.

skill set
A single unit of competency or a combination of units of competency from a training package which link to a licensing or regulatory requirement, or a defined industry need.

statement of attainment
A statement issued to a person confirming that the person has satisfied the requirements of the unit/s of competency specified in the statement.

training and assessment
The training and/or assessment provided to a learner by an RTO or its subcontractor in relation to the AQF qualifications and/or units of competency within the RTO’s scope of registration.

training package
The components of a training package endorsed by the Industry and Skills Council or its delegate in accordance with the Standards for Training Packages. The endorsed components of a training package are: units of competency, assessment requirements (associated with each unit of competency), qualifications and credit arrangements. A training package also consists of a nonendorsed, quality assured companion volume, which does not form part of the requirements that an RTO must meet under these Standards.

units of competency
The specification of the standards of performance required in the workplace.

unsupervised hours
The hours associated with the activities that contribute to achieving unit of competency/ course outcomes that are not supervised by an RTO trainer or assessor e.g. work experience, field placement, private study and/or assignment work.

VET
Vocational education and training.

VET accredited course
A course accredited by the VET regulator in accordance with the Standards for VET Accredited Courses 2012.

VET qualification
A testamur given to a person confirming that the person has achieved learning outcomes and competencies that satisfy the requirements of a qualification recognised under the Australian Qualifications Framework.

VET statement of attainment
A statement given to a person confirming that the person has satisfied the requirements of units of competency specified in the statement.

VET regulator
The National VET Regulator (ASQA) and/or a body of a non-referring state responsible for VET.

vocational competencies
Broad industry knowledge and experience usually combined with a relevant industry qualification. Vocational competency is determined on an industry-by-industry basis and with reference to the relevant training package or VET accredited course.

vocational outcome
An occupational or job specific workplace outcome.

volume of learning (VoL)
The notional duration of all activities required for achieving learning outcomes. Volume of learning includes nominal (supervised) hours and unsupervised hours.