Credit transfer is offered for a unit of competency or module, and not for a qualification. Units of competency are not assigned an AQF level.
Where a student has been found competent in a unit of competency, they have demonstrated they have met all requirements of that unit. A student may complete a unit of competency as part of a qualification and then seek to have that unit recognised in another qualification that may be of a different AQF level.
Providing the qualification packaging rules allow it, an RTO must accept and provide credit to the student for that unit of competency.
ASQA has a published fact sheet on conducting validation. This fact sheet includes information on:
how to determine a statistically valid sample
conducting effective validation
what to do with the validation outcomes.
To ensure assessment is effective, RTOs must review a statistically valid sample of their assessments and make necessary recommendations for improvements to tools and processes. ASQA’s fact sheet includes a validation sample size calculator which may assist RTOs to determine the number of assessments to be validated during a validation process.
RTOs must ensure that training and assessment is only delivered by trainers and assessors who have current knowledge and skills in vocational training and learning, and all trainers and assessors undertake professional development.
No matter which assessment method an RTO uses, the evidence collected during the assessment process must be:
Valid—Assessment tasks conducted in an online environment must still be directly relevant to the assessment requirements of the unit of competency, including any assessment conditions that are required. Adjustments cannot be made to an assessment to allow for online assessment, if this means unit of competency assessment requirements would not be met.
Sufficient—An RTO must collect enough relevant evidence to make a judgement of competence and a student cannot be determined as competent in a unit if all requirements have not been demonstrated. Depending on the unit of competency being assessed, an RTO may decide that only some components of the assessment requirements can be assessed online.
Authentic—An RTO must ensure that evidence gathered during an assessment actually belongs to the person being assessed. RTOs need to verify that the person they are assessing is the same person that will be issued with a qualification or statement of attainment. This can be particularly challenging in an online assessment environment, where there are more opportunities for students to submit the work of others than there are in a ‘traditional’ classroom setting. The Users’ guide to the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015 includes a case study that provides one possible example for ensuring authenticity in online assessment.
Current—Assessment evidence is from the present or very recent past to show the student is competent at the time the RTO makes an assessment decision. Currency of the assessment evidence will depend on the assessment task.
Some of these factors can be more challenging when the student is not being assessed in a face-to-face environment and may require an RTO to ‘think outside the box’ to ensure assessment is sound.